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A Beginner’s Guide to Equipment Loans for Small Businesses

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Starting or running a small business often requires specialized equipment, but buying it outright can be costly. That’s where an equipment loan can help. An equipment loan is a type of financing that allows businesses to purchase the machinery they need without paying the full cost upfront.

Quick Facts About Equipment Loans

  • Ownership: You own the equipment once the loan is repaid.
  • Collateral: The equipment itself is often used as collateral.
  • Monthly Payments: Typically lower than leasing but important to check against your cash flow.
  • Interest Rates: Can vary, so compare offers carefully.

Having the right equipment is crucial for small businesses to operate efficiently and competitively. Whether you’re opening a restaurant that needs state-of-the-art ovens or a construction company requiring heavy machinery, the importance of having reliable equipment cannot be overstated.

Equipment loans offer a solution by spreading out the cost over time. This can provide several benefits like preserving cash flow, potential tax savings, and ownership of the equipment once the loan is paid off. Understanding your financing options, such as traditional banks, specialized equipment financing companies, or SBA loans, can help you make an informed decision that supports your business goals.

Detailed infographic explaining the key benefits of equipment loans, how they work, and tips for choosing the right loan - equipment loan infographic infographic-line-3-steps

Understanding Equipment Loans

Getting an equipment loan can be a game-changer for small businesses. It allows you to purchase the equipment you need without draining your cash reserves. Here’s what you need to know about qualifying for an equipment loan.

Qualification Criteria

Qualification criteria for equipment loans vary by lender, but generally include a mix of credit score, annual revenue, and business age. Let’s break these down:

Credit Score

Your credit score is a key factor. Generally, a score of 640 or above is considered favorable. Higher scores, especially those in the 700s, can get you better rates and terms. If your score is lower, don’t worry. Some lenders specialize in working with businesses that have less-than-perfect credit.

credit score - equipment loan

Annual Revenue

Lenders want to see that your business generates enough income to cover loan payments. While requirements vary, many lenders look for an annual revenue of at least $100,000. This shows that your business is stable and capable of repaying the loan.

Business Age

The age of your business is another important factor. Most lenders prefer businesses that are at least 1-2 years old. However, if you’re a startup, some lenders may still consider your application if you have strong personal credit and a solid business plan.

Real-World Example

Consider Jane, who owns a small bakery. She needed a new oven but didn’t have $20,000 in cash. With a credit score of 680 and annual revenue of $150,000, she easily qualified for an equipment loan. This allowed her to spread the cost over three years, making manageable monthly payments.

Tips for Improving Your Chances

  1. Boost Your Credit Score: Pay off debts and make timely payments.
  2. Increase Revenue: Focus on growing your business to meet revenue criteria.
  3. Prepare Documentation: Have your financial statements, tax returns, and a detailed business plan ready.

Understanding these criteria can help you better prepare for the loan application process. Up next, we’ll dive into the different types of equipment loans available.

Types of Equipment Loans

When it comes to financing equipment for your business, there are several options to choose from. Each type of equipment loan caters to different needs and circumstances. Let’s explore the main types: asset-based lending, SBA loans, online lenders, and banks and credit unions.

Asset-Based Lending

Asset-based lending is a type of loan where the equipment itself serves as collateral. This means if you can’t repay the loan, the lender can take the equipment to recoup their losses.

– Easier to qualify for if your credit score isn’t perfect.
– Often comes with lower interest rates because the loan is secured by the equipment.

– If you default, you could lose essential business equipment.

Example: A small manufacturing company needed new machinery but had a lower credit score. By using asset-based lending, they secured the loan with the machinery itself and got the funds they needed.

SBA Loans

SBA loans are backed by the Small Business Administration and are designed to help small businesses grow. They often have favorable terms and lower interest rates.

– Long repayment terms.
– Lower interest rates.

– Strict qualification criteria.
– Lengthy approval process.

Example: A restaurant owner used an SBA 7(a) loan to purchase new kitchen equipment. The loan had a low-interest rate and a long repayment term, making it manageable for the business.

Online Lenders

Online lenders offer a convenient and fast way to get an equipment loan. They typically have a quick application process and faster approval times.

– Quick application and approval.
– Flexible qualification requirements.

– Higher interest rates.
– Shorter repayment terms.

Example: A tech startup needed new computers and servers. They turned to an online lender and had the funds within two business days, allowing them to scale their operations quickly.

Banks and Credit Unions

Traditional banks and credit unions also offer equipment loans. These institutions often provide competitive rates and personalized service.

– Competitive interest rates.
– Personalized customer service.

– Stricter qualification criteria.
– Longer approval process.

Example: A local bakery needed new ovens and mixers. They secured a loan from their credit union, benefiting from a low-interest rate and excellent customer service.

Understanding the different types of equipment loans can help you choose the best option for your business needs. Next, let’s look at how to qualify for an equipment loan.

How to Qualify for an Equipment Loan

Qualifying for an equipment loan involves meeting specific criteria. Here’s what you need to know:

Business Credit Score

Your business credit score is crucial. A score of 640 or above is generally favorable, but scores in the 700s can get you better rates and terms. If your score is lower, consider improving it before applying.

Tip: Pay all bills on time and keep your credit utilization low to boost your score.

Time in Business

Lenders prefer businesses that have been operating for at least one to two years. This shows stability and reliability.

Example: A startup bakery might struggle to get a loan, but a bakery that’s been in business for three years will have a better chance.

Annual Revenue

Your business’s annual revenue also plays a role. Lenders want to ensure you can repay the loan. The higher your revenue, the better your chances.

Fact: Some lenders might require a minimum annual revenue, such as $100,000.

Equipment as Collateral

The equipment you’re purchasing often serves as collateral. This means if you default, the lender can seize the equipment.

– You might not need additional collateral.
– Easier approval for startups or businesses with bad credit.

– Risk of losing the equipment if you default.

Example: A construction company used a new excavator as collateral for their loan, making it easier to secure funding despite having a lower credit score.


Having your paperwork in order is essential. Lenders will ask for:

  • Income statements and balance sheets from the past three years.
  • Cash flow reports to assess liquidity.
  • A detailed business plan outlining how the equipment will be used.
  • Tax returns and personal identification for you and your business.

Tip: Being organized and having these documents ready can significantly streamline the application process.

Next, let’s dive into the application process for an equipment loan.

Comparing Equipment Loans and Leasing


Equipment Loans: When you take out an equipment loan, you own the equipment once the loan is paid off. This is ideal if you plan to use the equipment for a long time. For example, if you’re a contractor and buy a high-quality excavator, you can use it for many years after the loan term ends.

Leasing: With leasing, you don’t own the equipment. Instead, you pay to use it for a set period. This can be beneficial if you need to upgrade frequently or if the equipment has a short useful life.

Monthly Payments

Equipment Loans: Typically, loans have higher monthly payments compared to leases. However, these payments contribute to owning the equipment outright. For instance, SBA 7(a) loans offer long terms up to 10 years, making the payments more manageable.

Leasing: Leasing often results in lower monthly payments. This can help with cash flow management, especially for startups. However, these payments don’t lead to ownership.

Cost Over Time

Equipment Loans: While loans might have higher monthly payments, they can be more cost-effective in the long run. Once you’ve paid off the loan, you own the equipment and no longer have to make payments.

Leasing: Leasing may cost more over time. Although the monthly payments are lower, you don’t build any equity. Over several years, the total cost of leasing can exceed the cost of purchasing the equipment outright.

Maintenance Costs

Equipment Loans: When you buy equipment, you’re responsible for all maintenance and repairs. This can add to your overall costs, especially if the equipment is prone to breakdowns or requires regular upkeep.

Leasing: Leasing often includes maintenance as part of the agreement. This can save you money on repairs and upkeep, making it a hassle-free option for businesses that don’t want to worry about maintenance.

Trial Period

Equipment Loans: Buying equipment usually means committing without a trial period. This can be risky if you’re unsure about the equipment’s performance or suitability for your needs.

Leasing: Leasing offers a sort of “trial run.” If the equipment doesn’t meet your needs, you can opt not to renew the lease at the end of the term. This flexibility can be a significant advantage for businesses trying out new technology or equipment.

Example: A restaurant owner might lease a new oven for 36 months. If the oven performs well, they can decide to purchase it or lease a newer model. If it doesn’t meet their needs, they can simply return it at the end of the lease term.

In summary, both equipment loans and leasing have their pros and cons. Your choice will depend on your business needs, financial situation, and how long you plan to use the equipment.

Next, let’s dive into the application process for an equipment loan.

Applying for an Equipment Loan

Applying for an equipment loan might seem daunting, but breaking it down into simple steps can make it manageable. Here’s how to go about it:

1. Determine the Size of Your Loan

Start by figuring out how much money you need. Make a list of the equipment you want to buy and get estimates for each item. Remember to include additional costs like taxes, shipping, and installation. This will give you a clear picture of the total loan amount required.

2. Review Your Qualifications

Lenders look at several factors before approving an equipment loan:

  • Credit Score: Aim for a score of 640 or above. Higher scores can get you better rates.
  • Business Age: Lenders prefer businesses that have been operating for at least two years.
  • Annual Revenue: Ensure your business generates enough revenue to comfortably cover loan payments.
  • Collateral: The equipment itself often serves as collateral, reducing the need for additional assets.

3. Compare Lender Offers

Not all loans are created equal. Here’s what to compare:

  • Interest Rate: Lower rates save you money over the loan term.
  • Loan Fees: Watch out for origination and processing fees. These can add up.
  • Annual Percentage Rate (APR): This includes both interest rate and fees, giving you the total cost of the loan.
  • Repayment Term: Shorter terms mean higher monthly payments but less interest paid overall.
  • Prepayment Penalties: Some loans charge a fee if you pay off the loan early. Avoid these if you plan to repay ahead of schedule.
  • Funding Time: If you need equipment urgently, prioritize lenders who can fund quickly.

4. Gather Documentation and Apply

Prepare the necessary documents to streamline the application process. Common requirements include:

  • Personal and Business Information: Basic details about you and your business.
  • Financial Statements: Personal and business bank statements, tax returns, and balance sheets.
  • Equipment Details: Description of the equipment and its estimated cost.
  • Business Plan: Outline how the equipment will benefit your business and contribute to revenue.

5. Review Equipment Loan Offer and Accept

Once you receive an offer, review it carefully. Consider the interest rate, fees, repayment terms, and any prepayment penalties. Make sure the loan fits your budget and business needs.

After agreeing to the terms, sign the loan agreement. Funds are typically available within 10 business days, allowing you to purchase your equipment and start boosting your business operations.

By following these steps, you can secure an equipment loan that supports your business growth without straining your finances.

Frequently Asked Questions about Equipment Loans

What qualifies for an equipment loan?

An equipment loan is designed to help businesses purchase or repair machinery and equipment. This can include a wide range of items, from manufacturing tools to office technology. To qualify, the equipment must be essential to your business operations and likely to generate revenue or improve efficiency. Here’s a quick checklist of what’s typically eligible:

  • Manufacturing equipment: Machines used in production lines.
  • Office technology: Computers, printers, and other office essentials.
  • Medical devices: Equipment used in healthcare practices.
  • Construction machinery: Excavators, bulldozers, and other heavy machinery.
  • Restaurant equipment: Ovens, refrigerators, and other kitchen appliances.

Lenders often require a description of the equipment and its cost as part of the application process.

Are equipment loans easier to get?

Yes, equipment loans can be easier to obtain compared to other types of financing. This is because the equipment itself often serves as collateral. Here are some reasons why:

  • Self-collateralizing: The equipment acts as security for the loan, reducing the lender’s risk.
  • Flexible qualification criteria: Startups and businesses with bad credit might still qualify because the equipment provides collateral.
  • Ownership benefits: Once the loan is repaid, you own the equipment outright.

However, approval still depends on your overall creditworthiness and the financial health of your business. It’s also important to compare loan offers to find the best terms.

What is the interest rate on an equipment loan?

The interest rate on an equipment loan can vary widely based on several factors, including your credit score, the loan amount, and the lender. Here’s a general idea of what to expect:

  • Typical rates: For excellent credit, rates can range from 7% to 9%.
  • Higher rates: For smaller loans or businesses with less stellar credit, rates can go up to 20%.
  • Larger loans: For amounts over $100,000, rates can be as low as 6-8% for established businesses.

It’s important to consider not just the interest rate, but also the annual percentage rate (APR) which includes loan fees. Comparing APRs can give you a clearer picture of the loan’s total cost.

By understanding these FAQs, you can better navigate the process of securing an equipment loan, ensuring it aligns with your business needs and financial capabilities.


Navigating equipment loans can seem daunting, but with the right information and support, it becomes much more manageable. At Noreast Capital, we understand the unique challenges that small businesses face when it comes to acquiring essential equipment. Our mission is to provide you with the financial tools and resources needed to thrive.

We offer customizable financing options tailored to your specific needs, ensuring you can acquire high-quality equipment without compromising your cash flow or financial stability. Our flexible terms and competitive rates are designed to help you upgrade your operations efficiently, enhancing your business’s overall performance.

Choosing Noreast Capital means choosing a partner who values your success as much as you do. Our team is here to guide you through every step of the process, from application to approval and beyond. We take the time to understand your business and provide solutions that align with your goals.

By investing in the right equipment with our support, you can deliver exceptional services and position your business for growth and profitability. Let us help you turn your business dreams into reality with the right financial backing.

For more information on how we can support your business, visit our Leasing Business page.

Your success is our success, and together, we can achieve great things. Thank you for considering Noreast Capital as your trusted partner in equipment financing. We look forward to contributing to your business’s success story.

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